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Low-flow vascular malformations of the head and neck: clinicopathology and image guided therapy
  1. Zachary Love1,
  2. Daniel Pierce Hsu2
  1. 1Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
  2. 2Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr D P Hsu, Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA; daniel.hsu{at}uhhospitals.org

Abstract

Low-flow vascular malformations are congenital lesions secondary to errors in the development of veins, capillaries or lymphatics. The majority of these lesions are sporadic although association with heritable syndromes does occur. Patients with these lesions should be treated and evaluated by a multidisciplinary team comprising medical, radiologic and surgical subspecialties. Percutaneous image guided sclerotherapy is gaining acceptance as a firstline treatment of low-flow vascular malformations.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.

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