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Original research
Mechanical thrombectomy with the Solitaire stent: is there a learning curve in achieving rapid recanalization times?
  1. M Eesa1,
  2. P A Burns1,
  3. M A Almekhlafi2,3,
  4. B K Menon2,
  5. J H Wong1,2,
  6. A Mitha2,
  7. W Morrish1,
  8. A M Demchuk2,
  9. M Goyal1,2
  1. 1Department of Radiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  2. 2Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  3. 3Department of Internal Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Western, Saudi Arabia
  1. Correspondence to Dr M Goyal, Department of Radiology, University of Calgary, Seaman Family MR Research Centre, 1403 29th Ave SW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N2T9; mgoyal{at}ucalgary.ca

Abstract

Methods In acute ischemic stroke, good outcome following successful recanalization is time dependent. In patients undergoing endovascular therapy at our institution, recanalization times with the Solitaire stent were retrospectively evaluated to assess for the presence of a learning curve in achieving rapid recanalization.

Methods We reviewed patients who presented to our stroke center and achieved successful recanalization with the Solitaire stent exclusively. Time intervals were calculated (CT to angiography arrival, angiography arrival to groin puncture, groin puncture to first deployment, and deployment to recanalization) from time stamped images and angiography records. Patients were divided into three sequential groups, with overall CT to recanalization time and subdivided time intervals compared.

Results 83 patients were treated with the Solitaire stent from May 2009 to February 2012. Recanalization (Thrombolyis in Cerebral Infarction score 2A) occurred in 75 (90.4%) patients. CT to recanalization demonstrated significant improvement over time, which was greatest between the first 25 and the most recent 25 cases (161–94 min; p<0.01). The maximal contribution to this was from improvements in first stent deployment to recanalization time (p=0.001 between the first and third groups), with modest contributions from moving patients from CT to the angiography suite faster (p=0.02 between the first and third groups) and from groin puncture to first stent deployment (p=0.02 between the first and third groups).

Conclusions There is a learning curve involved in the efficient use of the Solitaire stent in endovascular acute stroke therapy. Along with improvements in patient transfer to angiography and improved efficiency with intracranial access, mastering this device contributed significantly towards reducing recanalization times.

  • Stroke
  • Stent
  • Thrombectomy
  • Technique

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