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Case report
Simultaneous stent expansion/balloon deflation technique to salvage failed balloon remodeling
  1. Travis R Ladner1,
  2. Lucy He1,
  3. Brandon J Davis1,
  4. Michael T Froehler2,
  5. J Mocco1
  1. 1Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
  2. 2Department of Neurology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
  1. Correspondence to T R Ladner, Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University, T 4224 Medical Center North, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2380, USA; travis.r.ladner{at}vanderbilt.edu

Abstract

Herniation, with possible embolization, of coils into the parent vessel following aneurysm coiling remains a frequent challenge. For this reason, balloon or stent assisted embolization remains an important technique. Despite the use of balloon remodeling, there are occasions where, on deflation of the balloon, some coils, or even the entire coil mass, may migrate. We report the successful use of a simultaneous adjacent stent deployment bailout technique in order to salvage coil prolapse during balloon remodeling in three patients. Case No 1 was a wide neck left internal carotid artery bifurcation aneurysm, measuring 9 mm×7.9 mm×6 mm with a 5 mm neck. Case No 2 was a complex left superior hypophyseal artery aneurysm, measuring 5.3 mm×4 mm×5 mm with a 2.9 mm neck. Case No 3 was a ruptured right posterior communicating artery aneurysm, measuring 4 mm×4 mm×4.5 mm with a 4 mm neck. This technique successfully returned the prolapsed coil mass into the aneurysm sac in all cases without procedural complications. The closed cell design of the Enterprise VRD (Codman and Shurtleff Inc, Raynham, Massachusetts, USA) makes it ideal for this bailout technique, by allowing the use of an 0.021 inch delivery catheter (necessary for simultaneous access) and by avoiding the possibility of an open cell strut getting caught on the deflated balloon. We hope this technique will prove useful to readers who may find themselves in a similar predicament.

  • Aneurysm
  • Balloon
  • Coil
  • Stent
  • Technique

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