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E-004 A less invasive strategy for ruptured cerebral aneurysms with intracerebral hematomas : endovascular coil embolization followed by stereotactic aspiration of hematomas using urokinase
  1. T Kim1,
  2. S Kim2
  1. 1Department of Neurosurgery, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam-si, Korea, Republic Of
  2. 2Department of Neuroradiology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam-si, Korea, Republic Of

Abstract

Objective Aneurysm clipping and simultaneous hematoma evacuation through open craniotomy is traditionally recommended for ruptured cerebral aneurysms accompanied by intracerebral or intrasylvian hemorrhages. We report our experience of adapting a less invasive treatment strategy in poor-grade patients with intracerebral or intrasylvian hemorrhages associated with ruptured cerebral aneurysms, where the associated ruptured cerebral aneurysms were managed by endovascular coil embolization, followed by stereotactic aspiration of hematomas (SRH) using urokinase.

Methods We retrospectively analyzed 112 patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms. There were accompanying intracerebral or intrasylvian hemorrhages in 36 patients (32.1%). The most common site for these ruptured aneurysms was the middle cerebral artery (n=15; 41.6%). Endovascular coil embolization followed by SRH using urokinase was performed in 9 patients (25%).

Results In these 9 patients, the most common site of aneurysms was the middle cerebral artery (n=3; 33.4%); the hematoma volume ranged from 19.24 to 61.68 mL. Four patients who were World Federation of Neurological Surgeons (WFNS) grade-IV on admission, achieved favorable outcomes (Glasgow Outcome Score [GOS] 4 or 5) at 6 months postoperatively. In the five patients who were WFNS grade-V on admission, one achieved a favorable outcome, whereas 4 achieved GOS scores of 2 or 3, 6 months postoperatively. There was no mortality.

Conclusions If immediate hematoma evacuation is not mandated by clinical or radiological signs of brain herniation, a less invasive strategy, such as endovascular coil embolization followed by SRH using urokinase, may be a good alternative in poor-grade patients with intracerebral or intrasylvian hemorrhages associated with ruptured cerebral aneurysms.

Disclosures T. Kim: None. S. Kim: None.

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