Objective Adverse effects of increased use of cerebral Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) are the resulting radiation-induced skin reactions and increased risk of malignancy. This study aimed to identify a method for reducing radiation exposure during routine cerebral DSA.
Methods A retrospective review of the 138 consecutive adult patients undergoing DSA with biplane angiography system (Artis Zee, Siemens, Germany) from September 2015 to February 2016 was performed. At January 2016, the ‘dose parameter’ resetting was done by manufacturing programmer from 2.4μGy to 1.2μGy. The pre-dose parameter reduction (Group 1) and post-dose parameter reduction (Group 2) groups were established. Angiograms and procedure examination protocols were reviewed according to patient age, gender, and diagnosis while angiography techniques were reviewed on the basis of following radiation dose parameters: fluoroscopy time, reference point air kerma (Ka,r; in mGy), and kerma area product (PKA; in μGym2).
Results The Mean Ka,r values in Group 1 and 2 were 1841.5 mGy and 1274.8 mGy, respectively. The mean PKA values in Group 1 and 2 were 23212.5 μGym2 and 14854.0 μGym2, respectively. Ka,r and PKA values were significantly decreased in Group 2, compared with Group 1 (p<0.001). Among individual factors, young age is a determining factor of reduced fluoroscopy time (p<0.001), Ka,r (p=0.047), and PKA (p=0.022 ).
Conclusions Increased awareness of radiation risks, as well as the establishment of strategies to reduce radiation dose, resulted in decreased radiation doses for DSA. The use of appropriate examinations and low-dose parameters in fluoroscopy contributed significantly to the radiation dose reductions.
Disclosures H Yi: None. J Sung: None. D Lee: None.