Introduction Aneurysm recurrence is a principle limitation of endovascular coiling procedures, with recurrence rates reported of >30%. The adjunct use of self-expandable stents has revolutionized the treatment of intracranial aneurysms, especially for complex morphologies, wide necks or unfavorable dome to neck ratios. However, further investigation into the durability and outcomes of stent assisted coiling procedures is required.
Methods The records of a prospective single center aneurysm database were retrospectively reviewed, and 90 consecutive patients with paraophthalmic aneurysms who underwent coil embolization were identified, 30 of which included stent placement. Patient demographics, aneurysm characteristics, coil packing density, angiographic results (initial and follow-up) and complications were analyzed.
Results Complete aneurysm occlusion was obtained on initial angiography in 13/30 (43.3%) stented and 19/60 (31.7%) non-stented patients. At ≤24 months (mean follow-up 12.8±6.2 months for stented and 12.8±6.6 months for non-stented group), aneurysm recurrence occurred in 3/26 (11.5%) stented and 14/39 (35.9%) non-stented patients (p<0.05). At the longest follow-up (mean 14.5±12.5 months for stented and 37.6±35.3 months for non-stented), aneurysm recurrence occurred in 4/26 (15.4%) stented and 17/41 (41.5%) non-stented patients (p<0.03). There was no statistically significant correlation between recurrence and aneurysm size or coiling packing.
Conclusions Following endovascular coil embolization of paraophthalmic region aneurysms, recurrence rates at 2 years were significantly lower in patients who had stent assisted coiling (11.5%) compared with patients who had coiling procedures without the use of a stent (35.9%). Aneurysm size and coiling packing density did not significantly affect recurrence in our study population.
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Competing interests None.
Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the the Institutional Review Board of Johns Hopkins Hospital.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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