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CASE REPORT
A novel route of revascularization in basilar artery occlusion and review of the literature
  1. Alejandro Morales1,2,
  2. Phillip Vaughan Parry2,
  3. Ashutosh Jadhav3,
  4. Tudor Jovin3
  1. 1University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
  2. 2Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
  3. 3Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Phillip Vaughan Parry, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, Suite B-400, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA; parrypv{at}upmc.edu

Abstract

Ischemia of the basilar artery is one of the most devastating types of arterial occlusive disease. Despite treatment of basilar artery occlusions (BAO) with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator, antiplatelet agents, intra-arterial therapy or a combination, fatality rates remain high. Aggressive recanalization with mechanical thrombectomy is therefore often necessary to preserve life. When direct access to the basilar trunk is not possible, exploration of chronically occluded vessels through collaterals with angioplasty and stenting creates access for manual aspiration. We describe the first report of retrograde vertebral artery (VA) revascularization using thyrocervical collaterals for anterograde mechanical aspiration of a BAO followed by stenting of the chronically occluded VA origin. Our novel retrograde–anterograde approach resulted in resolution of the patient's clinical stroke syndrome.

  • Stroke
  • Thrombectomy
  • Technique
  • Stent
  • Intervention

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