Objective Initial hemorrhage burden is an independent predictor for delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). However, the association between clot clearance and DCI still remains to be elucidated.
Methods Quantitative analysis of hemorrhage volume and clot clearance was made in 116 consecutive patients who were scanned within 24 h from onset. Cisternal plus intraventricular hemorrhage volume (CIHV) was calculated as clot volume from the initial scans and scans performed up to 7 days after onset. Clot clearance was calculated as a percentage of residual clot volume compared with the clot volume on the initial scan. Initial clot volume and clot clearance were dichotomized to evaluate the association with DCI.
Results Included patients were aged 55.5±15.2 years with a female preponderance (65.5%, (76/116)). The group with higher initial clot volume (≥17.2 mL) had higher odds for DCI (OR 4.3, 95% CI 1.3 to 14.0, p=0.015). However, the rate of DCI was not different between high and low clot clearance groups (26.7% vs 31.0%, p=0.66). Clot clearance rate was similar in patients with and without DCI up to day 7 after onset.
Conclusions The quantitative clot clearance rate is not an independent predictor for DCI.
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