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Bibliometric indices: defining academic productivity and citation rates of researchers, departments and journals
  1. Rebecca M Garner1,
  2. Joshua A Hirsch2,
  3. Felipe C Albuquerque3,
  4. Kyle M Fargen1
  1. 1Department of Neurological Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
  2. 2Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  3. 3Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kyle M Fargen, Department of Neurological Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC 7157, USA; kfargen{at}wakehealth.edu

Abstract

There has been an increasing focus on academic productivity for the purposes of promotion and funding within departments and institutions but also for comparison of individuals, institutions, specialties, and journals. A number of quantitative indices are used to investigate and compare academic productivity. These include various calculations attempting to analyze the number and citations of publications in order to capture both the quality and quantity of publications, such as the h index, the e index, impact factor, and Eigenfactor score. The indices have varying advantages and limitations and thus a basic knowledge is required in order to understand their potential utility within academic medicine. This article describes the various bibliometric indices and discusses recent applications of these metrics within the neurological sciences.

  • bibliometrics
  • h index
  • academic productivity
  • citation analysis

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Footnotes

  • Contributors Drafting the article: RMG. Critical revision of article: All authors. Final approval of article: All authors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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