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Original research
Retrograde 3D rotational venography (3DRV) for venous sinus stent placement in idiopathic intracranial hypertension
  1. Christopher C Young1,
  2. Ryan P Morton1,
  3. Basavaraj V Ghodke1,2,
  4. Michael R Levitt1,2,3
  1. 1 Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  2. 2 Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  3. 3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Michael R Levitt, Department of Neurological Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA; publications{at}


Background Dural venous sinus stenting has emerged as an effective and durable treatment for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Improved visualization of the venous sinuses can improve stent placement.

Methods We present two cases of IIH treated with venous sinus stenting in which retrograde three-dimensional rotational venography (3DRV) provided superior anatomical details of the venous sinuses for optimal sizing and positioning of stent.

Results Comparison of pre-stent 3DRV with post-stent contrast-enhanced flat panel detector CT allowed confirmation of stent placement and the result of stenosis dilation.

Conclusion This 3DRV technique provides precise visualization of venous sinus stenosis prior to stenting without the need for arterial cerebral angiography during the treatment course.

  • angiography
  • navigation
  • stenosis
  • technique
  • vein

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  • Contributors All authors made significant contributions to the conception, design, implementation, data collection and analysis, and drafting of the manuscript.

  • Funding This research was generously supported by the Catchot family.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was received from the Institutional Review Board.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data sharing statement No further data available for sharing.