Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original research
Intraprocedural predictors of post-stent retriever thrombectomy subarachnoid hemorrhage in middle cerebral artery stroke


Background Stent retriever thrombectomy (SRT) in acute thromboembolic stroke can result in post-thrombectomy subarachnoid hemorrhage (PTSAH). Intraprocedural findings associated with PTSAH are not well defined.

Objective To identify angiographic findings and procedural factors during SRT that are associated with PTSAH.

Materials and methods This was a retrospective, observational cohort study of consecutive patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) acute ischemic stroke treated with SRT. Inclusion criteria were: (1) age ≥18 years; (2) thromboembolic occlusion of the MCA; (3) at least one stent retriever pass beginning in an M2 branch; (4) postprocedural CT or MRI scan within 24 hours; (5) non-enhanced CT Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score >5. Exclusion criteria included multi-territory stroke before SRT.

Results Eighty-five patients were enrolled; eight patients had PTSAH (group 1) and 77 did not (group 2). Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were comparable between the two groups. In group 1, a significantly greater proportion of patients had more than two stent retriever passes (62.5% vs 18.2%, P=0.01), a stent retriever positioned ≥2 cm along an M2 branch (100% vs 30.2%, P=0.002), and the presence of severe iatrogenic vasospasm before SRT pass (37.5% vs 5.2%, P=0.02). One patient with PTSAH and associated mass effect deteriorated clinically.

Conclusions An increased number of stent retriever passes, distal device positioning, and presence of severe vasospasm were associated with PTSAH. Neurological deterioration with PTSAH can occur.

  • angiography
  • complication
  • hemorrhage
  • stroke
  • subarachnoid

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.