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Original research
Transient in-stent stenosis: a common finding after flow diverter implantation


Background and purpose In recent years, implantation of flow diverters has emerged as an option for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. One complication of treatment with flow diverters is the occurrence of in-stent stenosis, which has been reported to be partially reversible. The purpose of our study was to assess the incidence and dynamics of in-stent stenosis on angiographic short term and long term follow-up after treatment with flow diverters.

Methods A retrospective review of our prospectively maintained database identified all patients with intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms treated by flow diverters at our institution between 2014 and 2017. Clinical charts, procedural data, and angiographic results were reviewed.

Results 18 patients were included. The mean short term follow-up was 92±19 days and mean long term follow-up was 449±120 days after treatment. No neurologic complications were observed. There was no procedure related mortality. Long term angiographic results showed complete occlusion in 83.3%, neck remnants in 11.1%, and incomplete occlusion in 5.5% of cases. In-stent stenosis was observed in all cases. Mean stenosis improved significantly from 30% on short term follow-up to 12% on long-term follow-up (P<0.0001).

Conclusion In-stent stenosis is a common finding on short term follow-up after the treatment with flow diverters but improves over time.

  • flow diverter
  • stenosis
  • vessel wall
  • angiography
  • aneurysm

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