Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original research
Arterial occlusions increase the risk of in-stent restenosis after vertebral artery ostium stenting


Objective The study was designed to investigate if vascular occlusion in the internal carotid artery (ICA) or the contralateral vertebral artery (VA) contribute to developing in-stent restenosis (ISR) in patients with vertebral artery ostium stenosis (VAOS).

Methods 420 consecutive patients treated with VAOS stents (from a population of 8145 patients with VAOS) from January 2013 to December 2014 were analyzed in this retrospective study; 216 with drug eluted stents and 204 with bare metal stents. Based on pre-stent DSA findings, patients were divided into four groups: both carotid and vertebral arteries patent (PAT), ICA occlusion (ICA-OCC), contralateral VA occlusion (CVA-OCC), and combined occlusions (C-OCC). The incidence of ISR (stenosis >50%) was compared between groups using Cox regression analysis.

Results Of the 420 patients, the mean incidence of ISR was 36.4%, with a median 12 months of follow-up (IQR 3–12). Logistic regression analysis showed that drug eluting stent had less ISR than bare metal stent (OR=0.38, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.75, P=0.01). Cox regression analysis showed that CVA-OCC (HR=1.63, P=0.02) and C-OCC (HR=3.30, P=0.001) were risk factors for ISR but not ICA-OCC (P=0.31). In the CVA-OCC and C-OCC groups, in-stent peak systolic velocity (PSV) ≥140 cm/s, 1 day after successful stenting, was associated with subsequent development of ISR (OR=2.81, 95% CI 1.06 to 7.43, P=0.04).

Conclusion Contralateral VA occlusion at the time of stenting increased the risk of ISR, especially if stent PSV on day 1 was >140 cm/s. Bare metal stents had more ISR than drug eluting stents.

  • stroke
  • ultrasound
  • stent
  • stenosis

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.