Background The efficacy of SILK flow diverters (SFD) in the management of cerebral aneurysms has been established. However, the risk of complications with parent artery occlusion (PAO) remains to be fully elucidated. The purpose of our study was to analyze intracranial aneurysms treated with SFDs and assess for occurrences and potential risk factors for PAO.
Materials and methods Between September 2010 and September 2017, 34 patients were treated for intracranial aneurysms using SFDs at a Canadian institution. This database was retrospectively analyzed for frequency of PAOs and statistical analysis performed for potential contributing factors.
Results Following treatment with SFDs, average clinical and imaging follow-ups were 31 and 22 months, respectively. PAOs were identified in 21% (7/34) of patients and occurred between 8 days and 1.5 years from intervention but only in 11.8% in those compliant to anti-platelet medications. These were all associated with anterior circulation aneurysms (P=0.131) and had no associated neurological deficits. Of these, 57% (4/7) had a fusiform morphology compared with only 19% (5/27) in non-occluded patients (P=0.039). The presence of clinical symptoms at the time of initial SFD intervention was significantly associated with PAO (P=0.021).
Conclusion Delayed PAO is not an uncommon outcome of flow diverter deployment and could be seen up to 1.5 years after treatment with no associated neurological deficits. Anti-platelet non-adherence remains a risk factor for PAO. Fusiform morphology of the aneurysm and symptoms at the time of intervention were associated with subsequent occlusion.
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