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WEB embolization versus stent-assisted coiling: comparison of complication rates and angiographic outcomes

Abstract

Background Intrasaccular flow disruption represents a new paradigm in endovascular treatment of wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms.

Objective To perform a matched case–control study comparing complications and angiographic outcome using the Woven Endobridge (WEB) device and stent-assisted coiling (SAC).

Methods Sixty-six patients treated with the WEB at three German tertiary care centers were included and matched with 66 patients treated with SAC based on aneurysm location and unruptured/ruptured aneurysm status. Parameters were retrospectively analysed and compared between the treatment groups using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) with propensity scores.

Results Procedural complication rates were 12.1% in the WEB group and 21.2% in the SAC group, which was statistically significant after IPTW adjustment (OR=2.2, 95% CI 1.08 to 4.4, p=0.03). Favourable outcome (modified Rankin scale score ≤2) was achieved by 57/66 (86.4%) in the WEB group and 57/66 (86.4%) in the SAC group (p=1.0). At mid-term follow-up, a similar number of aneurysms achieved adequate occlusion (complete occlusion or neck remnant) in the WEB group (93.9%) and in the SAC group (93.9%, p=1.0). Re-treatment was performed in 10.6% after WEB embolization and 12.1% after SAC (p=1.0).

Conclusions The WEB provides similar mid-term aneurysm occlusion rates to those of SAC, with no additional morbidity and potentially lower complication rates. Long-term outcome analysis will provide a definite conclusion on the use of WEB for intracranial aneurysms.

  • aneurysm
  • coil
  • device
  • statistics
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