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Standards for European training requirements in interventional neuroradiology guidelines by the Division of Neuroradiology/Section of Radiology European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS), in cooperation with the Division of Interventional Radiology/UEMS, the European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR), and the European Society of Minimally Invasive Neurological Therapy (ESMINT)
  1. Marek Sasiadek1,
  2. Naci Kocer2,
  3. Istvan Szikora3,
  4. Pedro Vilela4,
  5. Mario Muto5,
  6. Olav Jansen6,
  7. Francesco Causin7,
  8. Christophe Cognard8,
  9. Phil White9,
  10. Patrick Brouwer10,
  11. Francesca Pizzini11,
  12. Gerhard Schroth12,
  13. Paolo Ricci13
  1. 1 Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
  2. 2 Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey
  3. 3 Neurointerventions, National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Budapest, Hungary
  4. 4 Beatriz Angelo Hospital, Loures, Portugal
  5. 5 Azienda Ospedaliera di Rilievo Nazionale Antonio Cardarelli, Napoli, Italy
  6. 6 Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany
  7. 7 Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova, Padova, Italy
  8. 8 Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
  9. 9 Newcastle University & Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust, Newcastle, UK
  10. 10 Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
  11. 11 Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona, Verona, Italy
  12. 12 Inselspital University Hospital Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  13. 13 Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza Università di Roma, Roma, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Istvan Szikora, Neurointerventions, National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Budapest 1145, Hungary; h13424szi{at}

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This document sets out standards for training in interventional neuroradiology (INR) in Europe. These standards have been developed by a working group of the European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR) and the European Society of Minimally Invasive Neurological Therapy (ESMINT) on the initiative and under the umbrella of the Division of Neuroradiology/Section of Radiology of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS). For this document, the text of guidelines proposed and published earlier by the previous board of UEMS’s Division of Neuroradiology1 2 was used and modified with the consensus of all involved parties.

It is well recognized that there are a number of structural and operational differences in the healthcare systems, appointment procedures, and training systems in the various European countries. This document takes into consideration the health system and demographic realities of Europe.

At present, the national laws in each of the EU member states regulate the professional activity of each country. Thus, it is important to build a comprehensive INR core curriculum and training program that can be used in the individual countries according to their organization and laws, and that complies with international treaties, the UN Declarations on Human Rights, and the WMA International Code of Medical Ethics.

The INR curriculum should constitute a uniform training program, approved by all the European countries, which can be incorporated in a pre-existing national program or serve as the basis for the development of a new program, according to the national regulations.

In this document the INR training program will be referred to as 'particular qualification' in INR.

A considerable number of specialists in Europe are performing all or some of the INR activities detailed in this training charter. These specialists will have the acquired right to continue this practice.

This document is complemented with another, the 'Standards …

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  • MS, NK and IS are joint first authors.

  • MS, NK and IS contributed equally.

  • Presented at This article is co-published in the journals Neuroradiology 10.1007/s00234-019-02300-2 and Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery 10.1136/neurintsurg-2019-015537.

  • Contributors Authors of this paper contributed on behalf of the following organizations: MS, FP, GS on behalf of the Divison of Neuroradiology, European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS), NK, PV, MM, OJ, FC on behalf of the European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR); ISI, CC, PW, PB on behalf of the European Society of Minimally Invasive Neurolgoical Therapy (ESMINT); PR on behalf of the Section of Radiology, European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS).

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement There are no data in this work.