Objective This study retrospectively analyzed the risk factors, management strategies, and complications of incomplete stent apposition (ISA) of low-profile visualized intraluminal support (LVIS) stents after initial deployment in the treatment of cerebral aneurysms.
Methods The clinical characteristics of ISA or wall apposition (WA) of LVIS stent after initial deployment were analyzed. The risk factors of ISA were identified using univariate logistic regression analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The clinical characteristics of ISA following different management strategies were also shown.
Results The retrospective study enrolled 303 patients with 315 LVIS stent-assisted aneurysms. Fifty-nine patients with 59 stents showed ISA after initial deployment. At the end of the study, the presence of ISA was only observed in eight patients (2.5%). The stent-subtended arc angle (>90) and the aneurysm of the internal carotid artery (ICA) were associated with ISA. The stent-subtended arc angle (>90) and stent size (4.5*20 mm) were independent risk factors of ISA. The incidence of thromboembolic events in the ISA group was significantly higher than that in the WA group. After the treatment of ISA, there was no significant difference in good outcomes between patients with ISA and those with WA after initial deployment.
Conclusions ISA is more likely to occur at tortuous vessels. The stent-subtended arc angle (>90) and LVIS size (4.5*20 mm) were independent risk factors of ISA. ISA led to significantly increased incidence of thromboembolic events. However, ISA after initial deployment did not affect the patient's prognosis.
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