Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original research
Middle meningeal artery embolization as an adjuvant treatment to surgery for symptomatic chronic subdural hematoma: a pilot study assessing hematoma volume resorption


Background Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a common condition requiring surgical treatment; however, recurrence occurs in 15% of cases at 1 year. Middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization has recently emerged as a promising treatment to prevent CSDH recurrence.

Objective To investigate the effect of MMA embolization on hematoma volume resorption (HVR) after surgery in symptomatic patients.

Methods From April 2018 to October 2018, participants with CSDH requiring surgery were prospectively randomized in a pilot study, and received either surgical treatment alone (ST group) or surgery and adjuvant MMA embolization (ST+MMAE group). The primary outcome was HVR measured on the 3 month CT scan compared with the immediate pre-embolization CT scan. Secondary outcomes were clinical recurrence of CSDH and safety measures.

Results 46 patients were randomized and 41 of these achieved a 3 month follow-up . Twenty-one patients received MMA embolization. At 3 months, the HVR from postsurgical level was higher in the ST+MMAE group (mean difference 17.5 mL, 95% CI 3.87 to 31.16 mL; p=0.015). Two participants presented a CSDH recurrence (one in each group). One patient died (ST group). No MMA embolization-related adverse events were reported.

Conclusion The addition of MMA embolization to surgery led to an increase in CSDH resorption at 3 months. One recurrence of CSDH was reported in each group, and there were no treatment-related complications.

  • chronic subdural hematoma
  • embolization
  • middle meningeal artery
  • surgery

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.