Introduction Animal models of saccular aneurysms are stable following creation, and do not actively remodel or rupture. Recently, rodent models of aneurysm wall remodeling and rupture have been described by surgical grafting of decellularized arterial tissue.1 We sought to 1) develop and apply a modified in situ decellularization approach, not require complex grafting procedures, in a large animal model of saccular aneurysms and 2) investigate modified aneurysmal expansion and inflammation using in vivo imaging.
Methods 18 New Zealand White rabbits (3.0–3.5 kg) underwent standard elastinolysis aneurysm creation of the right common carotid artery. The animals were randomized 2:1 to receive isolated vessel SDS treatment (perfusion with 1% solution for 45 min) or nothing. Every two weeks until week 8, three of the rabbits (2 SDS+elastase, 1 elastase), were subjected to MR imaging,2 followed by contrast injection with stable macrocyclic gadolinium(III)-based contrast agent that has been shown to selectively enhance the areas of vessel wall myeloperoxidase (MPO) accumulation.3 4 The MRI was repeated at 3 hours post contrast injection and the enhancement ratio (ER) was calculated. All aneurysms were measured for size by digital subtraction angiography.
Results Of the 17 rabbits included in the study, 11 were treated in situ with SDS following elastase incubation and 6 served as controls. One SDS-treated rabbit was excluded due to rupture of the carotid artery during recovery. During follow-up MR imaging the ER was greater than 1 for all SDS-treated animals, whereas the controls had an ER of greater than 1 only at the two-week timepoint (consistent with the expected healing process). Average ER for SDS-treated animals was 1.63±0.20, while control animals had an ER of 1.02±0.06 (p<0.001). SDS-treated aneurysms width increased by over 45% over the first 8 weeks, while the control aneurysms grew about 20% in the first 2 weeks and then remained stable.
Conclusions During the 12 weeks post aneurysm creation, MPO-mediated MR signal enhancement was continuously detected within the wall of the aneurysm, and other than at 2 weeks, only in the SDS-treated animals. This novel modified large animal aneurysm model is expected to be useful for testing of new therapies that rely on not only the mechanical properties of the aneurysm but also the biological processes that make aneurysms vulnerable to rupture.
Sci Rep 2018;8:7687.
Disclosures R. King: None. J. Caroff: 1; C; FullBright. A. Leopardi: None. A. Bogdanov: None. M. Gounis: None.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.