Introduction Middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization for the treatment of subacute/chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is an emerging therapy for minimally invasive treatment of subdural blood products. Trans radial access (TRA) may offer certain benefits to this patient population who are often on blood thinners with multiple comorbid medical issues.
Methods 46 consecutive patients between 2018 and January of 2020 undergoing trans radial access for MMA embolization with Onyx were analyzed from a single center prospectively maintained database. Patient demographics, comorbidities, ambulatory times, subdural resorption status, and guide catheter type were recorded. We specifically looked at conversion to femoral access and complication rates from access for this series. Multivariate analysis with SPSS version 25 was utilized.
Results 46 patients were included in this study. The average age was 71.7± 14 years. TRA was successful for MMA embolization in 44 patients (95%). There were no access site complications. The mean cSDH size was 14 ±5 mm. 5 patients had recurrent cSDH prior to undergoing MMA embolization (10.8%). 4 patients (8.7%) had adjuvant MMA embolization performed within 24 hrs of burr hole evacuation. Symptomatic improvement was seen in 88.6% of patients (39/44). Mean length of stay was 4 ±3 days, all patients previously ambulatory were ambulated immediately post procedure. 3 patients were appropriate for same day discharge. Mean followup was 8 weeks ± 4. 86.4% of patients had either resolution or partial resolution of the cSDH at mean follow-up. Univariate analysis revealed use of antiplatelet agents was associated with failed resorption of cSDH (83.3% vs 23%, P=0.009). Charlson comorbidity index, gender, age, and treatment approach (adjuvant vs primary) were not associated with failed resorption status. 48% of patients had a Charlson Comorbidity index >5. 91% of TRA embolizations were performed with a 6F 071 guide catheter.
Conclusion MMA embolization with Onyx for cSDH appears to result in symptomatic and radiographic relief in the majority of patients. Trans radial access via 6F 071 guide catheter in this population with numerous comorbidities offers a safe and effective strategy for early ambulation and procedural success.
Disclosures G. Rajah: None. M. Waqas: None. R. Dossani: None. A. Gong: None. K. Rho: None. S. Housley: None. H. Rai: None. F. Chin: None. M. Tso: None. E. Levy: None. A. Siddiqui: None. K. Snyder: None. J. Davies: None.