Background Platelet function tests have been increasingly adopted to measure patient responses to antiplatelet drugs, and to predict complications. However, no established optimal antiplatelet management for stent-assisted coil embolization (SAC) have been established. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of clopidogrel dose adjustment for active target P2Y12 reaction unit (PRU).
Methods A total of 202 consecutive patients undergoing SAC to treat unruptured intracranial aneurysms were prospectively recruited. All patients were given two antiplatelet agents starting 7 days prior to the procedure, and platelet function was measured with the VerifyNow test. Clopidogrel hyper-responsive patients received reduced dosing according to the values of follow-up PRUs before and 7, 14, 30, and 90 days after the procedure. Patients were divided into three groups according to clopidogrel responsiveness before treatment, and clinical outcomes and time in target PRU ranges (TTR) were analyzed.
Results No delayed ischemic or hemorrhagic events occurred that were associated with out-of-range PRU. PRU values in the hypo-responsive and hyper-responsive groups significantly improved 7 days after treatment with active target PRU management (p=0.05,<0.001, respectively). PRU values were controlled within the target PRU range with drug adjustment (p=0.034), and the time in TTR for all patients was 97% (4.8%–100%), which showed the feasibility of optimal control of PRU values with the protocol.
Conclusion Active target PRU management can achieve control of optimal PRU values and may decrease perioperative ischemic and hemorrhagic events among patients undergoing SAC.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors IN, HSP, MK and SY conceived of the study, drafted the manuscript, and edited the manuscript. KN, TF, KM, SY, and HN provided critical editing and guidance for the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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