Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original research
Mechanical thrombectomy in patients with acute cancer-related stroke: is the stent retriever alone effective?


Background The optimal first-line mechanical thrombectomy (MT) method in cancer-related stroke (CRS) patients with emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) remains largely unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety between contact aspiration (CA) first-line thrombectomy and stent retriever (SR) first-line thrombectomy in CRS patients.

Methods Sixty-two CRS patients with ELVO, who underwent MT between January 2013 and October 2019 at our institution, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups based on the first-line MT method and compared: the CA group (n=28), which included those who received CA alone or combined CA with SR, and the SR group (n=34), which included those who received conventional SR alone.

Results Overall, reperfusion was successful in 75.8% (47/62) of CRS patients, and a good clinical outcome at 90 days was observed in 17.7%. The CA group showed a higher rate of successful reperfusion (89.3% vs 64.7%, P=0.025) shorter procedure time (22 vs 42 min; P=0.029), higher rate of first pass effect (35.7% vs 11.8%, P=0.025), and lower number of passes (1 vs 3, P=0.023) when compared with the SR group. The procedural and hemorrhagic complication rates were similar between the CA and SR groups. The first-line contact aspiration (OR 11.624, 95% CI 1.041 to 129.752; P=0.046) was an independent predictor of successful reperfusion.

Conclusions Among patients with CRS, CA – whether alone or in combination with SR – as first-line MT seems to provide more rapid and successful reperfusion when compared with SR.

  • stroke
  • thrombectomy
  • malignant

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.