Background The impact of various stents on patients with intracranial aneurysms who undergo stent-assisted coiling has been debated. We conducted this study to compare follow-up outcomes of coiling procedures involving braided or laser-cut stents with closed-cell design. A propensity score-matched case-controlled analysis was applied.
Methods A total of 413 intracranial aneurysms consecutively coiled using laser-cut (n=245) or braided stents (n=168) in procedures performed between September 2012 and June 2017 were eligible for study. Time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography, catheter angiography, or both were used to gauge occlusive status after coiling. Recanalization was determined by Raymond classification (complete occlusion vs recanalization). A propensity score-matched analysis was conducted, based on probability of stent type in use.
Results Ultimately, 93 coiled aneurysms (22.5%) showed some recanalization (minor, 51; major, 42) during the follow-up period (mean 21.7±14.5 months). Patient gender (P=0.042), hyperlipidemia (P=0.015), size of aneurysm (P=0.004), neck size (P<0.001), type of aneurysm (P<0.001), and packing density (P=0.024) differed significantly by group. Midterm and cumulative recanalization incidence rates in the braided-stent group were initially lower than those of the laser-cut stent group (P=0.009 and P=0.037, respectively) but they did not differ significantly after 1:1 propensity score matching (midterm OR=0.88, P=0.724; cumulative HR=0.91, P=0.758).
Conclusion In stent-assisted coiling of intracranial aneurysms, laser-cut and braided stent groups produced similar outcomes in follow-up. Consequently, product selection may hinge on suitability for deployment rather than anticipated results.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors YDC: study design, data interpretation, statistical analysis, drafting the manuscript, and critical revision of the manuscript. JWL: data collection, data analysis, and manuscript drafting. JL, NH, DHY, H-SK: data collection and critical revision of the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.