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Quality of life among ischemic stroke patients eligible for endovascular treatment: analysis of the DEFUSE 3 trial


Background The endovascular treatment (ET) for acute ischemic stroke is increasing among eligible patients. Assessing patients’ perspectives on quality of life (QOL) can supplement the use of formal outcome scales and enable the assessment of outcomes across multiple domains affected by stroke.

Methods We analyzed publicly available data from the Endovascular Therapy Following Imaging Evaluation for Ischemic Stroke (DEFUSE 3) trial. We evaluated patients who survived beyond the time of discharge from their acute hospitalizations and completed all Neuro-QOL short forms at 90-day follow-up.

Results Our final analysis included 128 patients (median age 67 [range 23–90] years, 50.8% men). As modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores increased, there was a consistent increase in the severity of Neuro-QOL measures. T-scores for mobility, cognitive function, and the ability to participate in social roles declined significantly while depression T-scores increased significantly. We found that QOL T-scores for patients with mRS 3 did not differ significantly from T-scores for patients with mRS 2 in any domain.

Conclusions Among ischemic stroke patients eligible for ET, QOL scores help validate and supplement quantitatively measured outcomes.

  • stroke
  • thrombectomy
  • intervention
  • statistics

Data availability statement

Data are available in a public, open access repository.

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