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Original research
Mapping access to endovascular stroke care in the USA and implications for transport models


Background The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the percentage of the US population with 60 min ground or air access to accredited or state-designated endovascular-capable stroke centers (ECCs) and non-endovascular capable stroke centers (NECCs) and the percentage of NECCs with an ECC within a 30 min drive.

Methods Stroke centers were identified and classified broadly as ECCs or NECCs. Geographic mapping of stroke centers was performed. The population was divided into census blocks, and their centroids were calculated. Fastest air and ground travel times from centroid to nearest ECC and NECC were estimated.

Results Overall, 49.6% of US residents had 60 min ground access to ECCs. Approximately 37.7% (113 million) lack 60 min ground or air access to ECCs. Approximately 84.4% have 60 min access to NECCs. Ground-only access was available to 77.9%. Approximately 738 NECCs (45.4%) had an ECC within a 30 min drive.

Conclusion Nearly one-third of the US population lacks 60 min access to endovascular stroke care, but this is highly variable. Transport models and planning of additional centers should be tailored to each state depending on location and proximity of existing facilities.

  • stroke
  • thrombectomy
  • economics
  • statistics
  • technology

Data availability statement

Data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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