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Review
Radial artery diameter: a comprehensive systematic review of anatomy

Abstract

Aims The objective of this systematic review is to determine with the highest accuracy the average radial artery (RA) diameter overall and in certain subgroups. The aim of this study is to provide assistance in the development of fitting transradial devices, an increasingly popular intervention.

Methods Several databases were used to extract appropriate studies highlighting RA diameter. Databases used in the generation of this study were Ovid EBM Reviews, Ovid Embase, Ovid Medline, Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection. RA diameter was determined overall, in males versus females, adults only, adults+children, in the presence of comorbidities, and finally RA diameter in the context of various vasodilators.

Results A total of 71 studies were included. The average RA diameter overall was determined to be 2.62±0.15 mm in children+adults and 2.70±0.15 mm in adults only. In comparison to an RA diameter of 2.68±0.24 mm in adult males, the diameter was found to be 2.27±0.27 mm in adult females (p=0.028). As for comorbidities, the mean RA diameter in adult patients with hypertension and congestive heart failure was 2.72±0.37 mm and 2.80±0.25 mm, respectively. Finally, the mean RA diameter with nitrate and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor use was 2.97±0.53 mm and 2.82±0.29 mm respectively. For comparison, the average outer diameter of a 5 French introducer sheath is 2.29 mm and a 6 French introducer sheath is 2.62 mm.

Conclusions The findings presented in this study will help determine the most appropriate transradial device to use in several different populations in the context of vasodilator usage or the absence thereof.

  • vessel wall
  • statistics
  • pharmacology

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