Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Application of deep learning models for detection of subdural hematoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis


Background This study aimed to investigate the application of deep learning (DL) models for the detection of subdural hematoma (SDH).

Methods We conducted a comprehensive search using relevant keywords. Articles extracted were original studies in which sensitivity and/or specificity were reported. Two different approaches of frequentist and Bayesian inference were applied. For quality and risk of bias assessment we used Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2).

Results We analyzed 22 articles that included 1,997,749 patients. In the first step, the frequentist method showed a pooled sensitivity of 88.8% (95% confidence interval (CI): 83.9% to 92.4%) and a specificity of 97.2% (95% CI 94.6% to 98.6%). In the second step, using Bayesian methods including 11 studies that reported sensitivity and specificity, a sensitivity rate of 86.8% (95% CI: 77.6% to 92.9%) at a specificity level of 86.9% (95% CI: 60.9% to 97.2%) was achieved. The risk of bias assessment was not remarkable using QUADAS-2.

Conclusion DL models might be an appropriate tool for detecting SDHs with a reasonably high sensitivity and specificity.

  • Subdural
  • Intervention
  • Technology

Data availability statement

All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles