Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Case report
Robotic-guided direct transtemporal embolization of an indirect carotid cavernous fistula


A middle-aged patient presented with right-sided chemosis, exophthalmos, and progressive visual loss. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a type D carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF). Transarterial embolization through the internal maxillary artery was unsuccessful, and there was no venous access to the CCF. A robotic-guided direct transtemporal embolization of the CCF with Onyx was performed, resulting in successful fistula obliteration and symptom resolution. This is the first reported case of a robotic-guided direct transcranial CCF embolization. We include a technical video that demonstrates this procedure (Supplemental File 1)

  • Balloon
  • Fistula
  • Technique
  • Vascular Malformation
  • Liquid Embolic Material

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.