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Cerebral venous disorders: the path forward
  1. Kyle M Fargen1,
  2. Ferdinand Hui2,
  3. Joshua A Hirsch3
  1. 1 Neurological Surgery and Radiology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA
  2. 2 Neuroscience Institute, Division of Neurointerventional Surgery, Queen's Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
  3. 3 Interventional Neuroradiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kyle M Fargen, Neurological Surgery and Radiology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA; kfargen{at}

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Arterial diseases are well understood to be major causes of morbidity and mortality. High pressured arteries carry blood, oxygen, and other ‘fuels’ for organ function. In contrast, the waste clearance mechanisms for the body are much less understood. Increasingly, disorders of the body’s waste system are being investigated as they may be the etiology of conditions previously described as ‘idiopathic.’ It is now recognized that impairments in cerebral venous outflow may cause headaches and visual symptoms that are more than simply burdensome. Rather, they have been linked to potentially dramatic impairments in functional capacity, quality of life, and cognitive function that may be to varying extents reversible with treatment.1–3

On January 12–13, 2023, the newly formed Society of Neurointerventional Surgery (SNIS) Cerebral Venous and Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) …

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  • Contributors All authors contributed equally.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.