Ruptured intracranial aneurysm is an urgent diagnostic and therapeutic condition. Occlusion with coils is the first line treatment for ruptured aneurysms and also should be used to prevent re-rupture, potentially causing severe brain damage. Most aneurysms are subject to this type of treatment. The risk of intraoperative thromboembolic and haemorrhagic complications during treatment with coils is very low. Endovascular treatment with coils is therefore a safe and effective method that can prevent short and long-term haemorrhage.
Methods In this Article we present an retrospective analysis of the results of endovascular embolization of 137 patients, from 2017 to the present time, in three hospitals of Georgia country (Evex hospitals, New hospitals, New-vision University Hospital) with a diagnosis of acute subarachnoid haemorrhage.
Results In our study, overall postoperative mortality was reported to be 29.9% (41/137 patients). In 45 patients presenting with Hunt-Hess IV-V, the mortality rate was 51.1% (23/45)
Conclusion To prevent aneurysm re-rupture, operative intervention should be performed quickly. The recommended time interval is within 72 hours, and, if possible, within 24 hours after aneurysm rupture. Given the spasms typical of subarachnoid haemorraghe endovascular coiling of ruptured aneurysms is a first-line treatment that depends on the angioarchitecture and localization of the aneurysm. The main technique of endovascular treatment is occlusion by coils with or without remodeling balloon assistance. Generally, in acute periods, only aneurysms with coils are associated with relatively high rates of recanalization, so further observation and possible surgical treatment are recommended.
Disclosure of Interest Nothing to disclose
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