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Original research
Pipeline embolization device versus Atlas stent assisted coiling for intracranial aneurysm treatment: a retrospective, propensity score matched study with a focus on midterm outcomes and hospital costs


Background Stent assisted coiling (SAC) and flow diverters (FDs) are common endovascular treatments for wide necked cerebral aneurysms, but studies comparing the new generation Atlas SAC and FDs are scarce. We performed a propensity score matched (PSM) cohort study to compare the Atlas SAC and the pipeline embolization device (PED) for proximal internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms.

Methods Consecutive ICA aneurysms treated at our institution with either the Atlas SAC or PED were studied. PSM was used to control for age, sex, smoking, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, and the rupture status, maximal diameter, and neck size of the aneurysm (aneurysms >15 mm and non-saccular aneurysms were excluded). Midterm outcomes and hospital costs were compared between these two devices.

Results A total of 309 patients with 316 ICA aneurysms were included. Following PSM, 178 aneurysms treated with the Atlas SAC and PED were matched (n=89 in each group). Aneurysms treated with the Atlas SAC required a slightly longer procedure time, but had lower hospital costs than those treated with the PED (115.2±24.6 vs 102.4±40.8 min, P=0.012; $27 650.2±$6961.4 vs $34 107.0±$3707.2, P<0.001). Atlas SAC and PED treatments showed equivalent aneurysm occlusion rates (89.9% vs 86.5%, P=0.486), complication rates (5.6% vs 11.2%, P=0.177), and a favorable functional outcome (96.6% vs 97.8%, P=1.0) at follow-up (8.2±3.0 vs 8.4±4.2 months, P=0.652).

Conclusion In this PSM study, midterm outcomes of the PED and Atlas SAC in the treatment of ICA aneurysms were similar. However, SAC required a longer operation time, and the PED may increase the economic cost of inpatients in Beijing, China.

  • Aneurysm
  • Intervention
  • Flow Diverter

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

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