Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) represent the most frequent spinal arteriovenous malformation and have an ominous natural history if left untreated. In the present review, we describe the spinal vascular anatomy, pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of SDAVFs, and the current role of endovascular embolization in this type of lesion.
- Endovascular embolization
- spinal dural arteriovenous fistula
- spinal vascular malformation
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Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.