Preoperative direct percutaneous embolization has been very rarely used in hypervascular metastatic spinal tumors to decrease blood loss during the surgery. A patient is presented with solitary spinal metastasis due to renal cell carcinoma who underwent a two-stage spondylectomy. Transarterial tumor embolization with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles and liquid coil placement, and percutaneous tumor embolization with PVA particles were used before the first and the second stage, respectively.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.