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Reporting standards for angiographic evaluation and endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations
  1. Mahesh V Jayaraman1,
  2. Philip M Meyers2,
  3. Colin P Derdeyn3,
  4. Justin F Fraser4,
  5. Joshua A Hirsch5,
  6. M Shazam Hussain6,
  7. Kristine A Blackham7,
  8. Clifford J Eskey8,
  9. Mary E Jensen9,
  10. Christopher J Moran3,
  11. Charles Joseph Prestigiacomo10,
  12. Peter A Rasmussen11,
  13. Cameron G McDougall12
  1. 1Departments of Diagnostic Imaging and Neurosurgery, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
  2. 2Department of Radiology and Neurological Surgery, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
  3. 3Neuroradiology Department, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA
  4. 4Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Kentucky, Louisville, Kentucky, USA
  5. 5Department of Interventional and Diagnostic Neuroradiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  6. 6Cerebrovascular Center, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
  7. 7University Hospitals Department of Radiology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
  8. 8Department of Radiology, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
  9. 9Department of Radiology and Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
  10. 10Department of Neurological Surgery, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey, USA
  11. 11Neurosurgery Department, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
  12. 12Neurosurgery Department, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr M V Jayaraman, Alpert Medical School at Brown University, 593 Eddy St, Room 377, Providence, RI 2903, USA; mjayaraman{at}


These guidelines were developed by consensus of a multidisciplinary panel of specialists interested in the evaluation and treatment of patients with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the CNS. The reporting criteria described will serve as a template for trial design and for clinical investigators who wish to report on endovascular therapy of cerebral AVMs. Direct comparison of various treatment paradigms is important to standardization of care, maximization of good treatment outcomes, assessment of new methods and technologies.

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  • Additional figures are published online only. To view these files please visit the journal online (

  • Correction notice This article has been corrected since it was published Online First. The author Joshua Hirsch has been amended to Joshua A Hirsch.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.