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Comparison of Solitaire thrombectomy and Penumbra suction thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by basilar artery occlusion


Background and purpose Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is a very severe neurological disease with a high mortality rate and poor clinical outcomes. In this study, we compared our experience of mechanical thrombectomy using the Solitaire stent (Solitaire thrombectomy) and manual aspiration thrombectomy using the Penumbra reperfusion catheter (Penumbra suction thrombectomy) in patients with AIS caused by BAO.

Materials and methods Between March 2011 and December 2011, 13 patients received Solitaire thrombectomy. In January 2012, the Korean Food and Drug Administration banned the use of the Solitaire stent as a thrombectomy device, and a further 18 patients received Penumbra suction thrombectomy until December 2013. We compared parameters between patients treated with each device.

Results Successful recanalization rates (Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (TICI) score ≥2b: 84.6% vs 100%, p=0.168) and clinical outcomes (judged by the modified Rankin Scale scores recorded at 3 months: 3.6±2.6 vs 3.2±2.6, p=0.726) were not significantly different between the two groups. However, complete recanalization rates (TICI score of 3: 23.1% vs 72.2%, p=0.015) and total procedure times (101.9±41.4 vs 62.3±34.8 min, p=0.044) were significantly higher, and shorter, respectively, in patients treated by Penumbra suction thrombectomy.

Conclusions The two thrombectomy devices were associated with similar recanalization rates and clinical outcomes in patients with AIS caused by BAO. However, Penumbra suction thrombectomy seemed to allow more rapid and complete recanalization than Solitaire thrombectomy.

  • Stroke

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