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Case report
Republished: Treatment of post-traumatic carotid–cavernous fistulas using pipeline embolization device assistance
  1. Nisha Pradeep1,
  2. Robert Nottingham1,
  3. Anthony Kam1,
  4. Dheeraj Gandhi2,
  5. Nasser Razack1
  1. 1Neurointerventional Associates, PA, St Petersburg, Florida, USA
  2. 2University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  1. Correspondence to N Razack, Neurointerventional Associates, PA, 335 31st St. South, St. Petersburg, FL 33712, USA; Spflmd67{at}


This report describes two cases of post-traumatic, high flow carotid–cavernous fistulas that demonstrated residual shunting after initial embolization with coils and Onyx, and that were successfully closed with pipeline embolization devices. Following their combined endovascular treatments, the patients experienced clinical improvement of symptoms with durable obliteration of the fistulous communications.

  • Flow Diverter
  • Fistula
  • Intervention
  • Liquid Embolic Material
  • CT Angiography

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