Purpose To examine long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes in a consecutive cohort of patients with cerebral aneurysms treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) in 2 referral centers.
Materials and methods We conducted a retrospective review of all patients with cerebral aneurysms treated with the PED at 2 referral medical centers between March 10th, 2011 and November 5th, 2015. Baseline patient and aneurysm characteristics, intra-operative, peri-operative and delayed complications were recorded. Aneurysm volumes in initial and follow-up angiographic studies were calculated using AngioCalc. Clinical outcomes were categorized using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS).
Results 140 patients underwent 150 PED procedures to treat 166 cerebral aneurysms during the study period. 109 patients were women (78%) and 31 men (22%). Mean age was 55 years (range 15–81 years). 87 aneurysms were incidental (52%), 39 recurrent (24%), 23 symptomatic (14%) and 17 ruptured (10%, 11 treated sub-acutely and 6 treated acutely). 22 aneurysms were fusiform (13%), 7 dissecting (4%) and 6 blister (4%). 125 aneurysms were located in the internal carotid (75%), 15 in the middle cerebral (9%), 10 in the anterior cerebral (6%), 10 in the vertebral (6%), 4 in the basilar (2%) and 2 in the posterior cerebral arteries (1%). Mean aneurysm size was 10.2 mm, mean neck was 6.4 mm, mean dome-to-neck ratio was 1.6. Mean number of PEDs deployed per aneurysm was 1.1. Adjunctive coiling was performed in 15 aneurysms (9%). The table summarizes the intra-operative, peri-operative and delayed complications, categorized by the first 75 and subsequent 75 PED procedures. There was a statistically-significant decrease in the rate of any intra-operative as well as disabling treatment-related complications between the first 75 and next 75 PED procedures. Similarly, there was a trend toward a decrease in treatment-related mortality between the first 75 and the next 75 PED procedures. Angiographic follow-up was obtained in 139 aneurysms (84%), with a mean time to last angiographic follow-up of 18.1 months. At last follow-up, 109 aneurysms were completely occluded (78.4%), 10 had near-complete occlusion (≥90% volume reduction, 7.2%), and 20 aneurysms had <90% volume reduction (14.4%, mean volume reduction 53%). 4 aneurysms were retreated (2.9%). Among the 16 aneurysms symptomatic from mass effect (10%), symptoms completely resolved in 8 patients (50%), improved in 3 patients (19%), remained unchanged in 3 patients (19%) and worsened in 2 patients (12%). There were 3 post-operative aneurysm ruptures (1.8%), 2 of which occurred in ruptured aneurysms treated acutely with the PED.
Conclusions The PED is an effective treatment for wide-neck cerebral aneurysms, with high long-term complete/near-complete aneurysm occlusion rates and low retreatment rates. The risk of intra-operative and disabling treatment-related complications decreases significantly with increased experience in PED use and patient management.
Disclosures J. Delgado Almandoz: 2; C; MedTronic Neurovascular. O. Tenreiro-Picon: None. Y. Kayan: 2; C; MedTronic Neurovascular. J. Fease: None. J. Scholz: None. A. Milner: None. M. Mulder: None. A. Tenreiro: None.
This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work noncommercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.