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E-049 Ear Arteriovenous Malformation Management
  1. W Yakes
  1. Vascular Malformation Center, Englewood, CO


Purpose To determine the efficacy of Ethanol Endovascular Repair of Ear Arteriovenous Malformation (AVMs).

Materials and methods Ten patients (7 female, 3 males; age range 6–39 years; mean age: 22 years) with ear AVMs presented for therapy. Two patients had failed prior embolizations (PVA/coils/nBCA/steroids) and 2 patients had other therapies (laser/excisions/grafting). All presented with a grossly enlarged painful ear, and 5 patients had intermittent bleeding. All patients underwent transcatheter and direct puncture ethanol treatments (86 procedures).

Results All 10 patients were cured of their AVM at long-term follow-up (mean follow-up: 52 months). One patient had transient partial VII nerve palsy. Two patients had minor blisters and ear injuries that healed on the outer tragus.

Conclusions Ethanol endovascular repair of Ear AVMs can achieve cures in this vexing lesion that previously was treated with resection of the ear and with high recurrence rates. This series documents long-term cures of AVMs of the ear and scalp that were not treatable by endovascular approaches as previously documented in the world’s literature. Permanent treatment of the auricular AVMs is documented and no recurrence occurred in any patient. Only one article is published (group from Shanghai, China) emulating this technique, that I taught them.

Disclosures W. Yakes: None.

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work noncommercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:

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