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E-051 The Role of Follow-up Imaging after Resection of Brain Arteriovenous Malformations in the Pediatric Patient: A Review
  1. J Jimenez,
  2. Z Gersey,
  3. J Wagner,
  4. B Snelling,
  5. S Ambekar,
  6. E Peterson
  1. Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL


Object Pediatric patients are at significant risk for recurrence of brain AVM after resection. While there is general consensus as to the importance of follow-up after surgical resection of an AVM, there is a lack of consistency in follow-up duration. The object of this systematic review is to examine the role of follow-up imaging in detecting AVM recurrence early and preventing AVM rupture.

Methods This systematic review was carried out with articles obtained through a search of the literature according to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines.

Results Search results revealed 1052 articles, of which 13 studies describing 31 cases of AVM recurrence met criteria for inclusion in this study. Patients receiving follow-up imaging experienced AVM detection significantly earlier (mean = 3.56 years, SD = 3.67) than patients with no follow-up (mean = 8.86 years, SD = 5.61; p = 0.0085). While 13.34% of patients that were not receiving follow-up imaging presented with rupture of recurrent AVM, 57.14% of patients that were receiving follow-up imaging presented with ruptured recurrence (p = 0.019).

Conclusions Follow-up imaging has an integral role after AVM resection and is sometimes not carried out for a sufficient period of time, leading to delayed detection of recurrence and increased likelihood of recurrent AVM rupture.

Disclosures J. Jimenez: None. Z. Gersey: None. J. Wagner: None. B. Snelling: None. S. Ambekar: None. E. Peterson: None.

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work noncommercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:

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