Background Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) secondary to blister-type aneurysms (BAs) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Microsurgical clipping or wrapping and/or use of traditional endovascular techniques to repair the lesion result in frequent regrowth and rebleeds and ultimately high fatality rates. Because of the purely endoluminal nature of arterial reconstruction, flow diversion may represent an ideal option to repair ruptured BAs.
Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of our database including all consecutive patients with aSAH secondary to BAs treated with the Pipeline Embolic Device (PED) between November 2013 and November 2015 in two institutions. We collected basic patient demographics, aneurysm size, location, number and sizes of PEDs used, use of coiling, 30-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score, and follow-up imaging data.
Results Ten cases of aSAH were found as a result of a ruptured BA. Patients had a mean age of 47.2 years (range 27–68). Mean Hunt and Hess score was 1.6 (range 1–4). Lesions were predominantly left-sided, mostly along the dorsal aspect of the internal carotid artery, either paraclinoid or paraophthalmic (8/10). In two patients the BA was located in the left middle cerebral artery. All lesions were very small (mean 1.4×1.5 mm; range 0.75–2.1 mm). Placement of a single PED resulted in immediate occlusion or near-occlusion of the BA in 9 out of 10 patients. Nine patients did very well; eight had a 90-day mRS score of 0 and one had a 90-day mRS score of 1. Follow-up digital subtraction angiography was performed in all patients (mean 15 months; range 7–24). In the surviving nine patients there was complete occlusion of the BA on long-term follow-up angiography.
Conclusions Repair of ruptured BA with PED may be a safe and durable option.
- Flow Diverter
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Contributors All listed authors have contributed to the conception, design, data acquisition and analysis, drafting of the manuscript and/or review and critical editing prior to submission.
Competing interests IL, GD and ASi are consultants for Medtronic. IL is a consultant for Stryker. GD is a consultant for Microvention. AS, IL and GD have received research grants from the National Institutes of Health. AS holds financial interests in Hotspur, Intratech Medical, StimSox, Valor Medical, Blockade Medical, and Lazarus Effect and serves as a consultant to Blockade Medical, Codman & Shurtleff, Concentric Medical, ev3/Covidien Vascular Therapies, GuidePoint Global Consulting, Lazarus Effect, MicroVention, Penumbra, Stryker Neurovascular, and Pulsar Vascular.
Ethics approval Ethics approval was obtained from the Review Boards of Baptist Health Miami and Buffalo University NY.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data sharing statement Additional unpublished data may be available on request by contacting the corresponding author via email.