Caroticocavernous fistula or cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CS-DAVF) has presented various treatment challenges over many years. This paper outlines these challenges in a review of the literature, and attempts to address them by analyzing the anatomical and hemodynamic characteristics of 32 consecutive patients with CS-DAVF treated between 2007 and 2016, in doing so proposing novel strategies for safe access and treatment of CS-DAVF.
- Arteriovenous Malformation
- Liquid Embolic Material
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