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Case report
Republished: Basilar stroke from a persistent hypoglossal artery
  1. Alfred P See1,
  2. Jacob F Baranoski2,
  3. Bruno C Flores2,
  4. Andrew Ducruet2,
  5. Felipe C Albuquerque2
  1. 1Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  2. 2Department of Neurosurgery, Barrow Neurological Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Alfred P See, Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA; psee{at}


Occlusion of the basilar artery can be treated with endovascular thrombectomy, although the results have not been well studied. Persistent fetal cerebrovascular anatomy can lead to unusual presentation of carotid atherosclerotic disease and can be a barrier to successful mechanical thrombectomy if not recognized. This case presents a rare persistent carotico–basilar anastomosis which resulted in basilar occlusion via the persistent hypoglossal artery and coincident absence of contralateral vertebral arterial access due to a left vertebral artery terminating in the left posterior inferior cerebellar artery. Preoperative recognition of this anatomy afforded by review of cross-sectional imaging was critical to success during this emergent procedure.

  • Embolic
  • Stroke
  • Thrombolysis

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  • Republished with permission from BMJ Case Reports Published 27 January 2017; doi:10.1136/bcr-2016-012859

  • Contributors APS, JFB, BCF, AFD, and FCA contributed to the: conception and design, acquisition of, and interpretation of the case data; drafting and revising the article critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version published; and agreement to be accountable for the accuracy or integrity of the article.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.