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Original research
The Speech Arm Vision Eyes (SAVE) scale predicts large vessel occlusion stroke as well as more complicated scales
  1. Kevin J Keenan,
  2. Wade S Smith
  1. Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kevin J Keenan, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco CA 94123, USA; kevin.keenan{at}ucsf.edu

Abstract

Introduction The Speech Arm Vision Eyes (SAVE) scale, a 4-item clinical scale emphasizing binary scoring and avoidance of nuanced examination distinctions, predicts LVOs with similar characteristics as more complex scales.

Methods Receiver operating characteristic analyses of the prospective STOPStroke study assessed the ability of the SAVE scale and other published scales to predict LVO. We identified scale thresholds with positive likelihood ratios with 95% confidence intervals of ≥5.0 or negative likelihood ratios with 95% confidence intervals of ≤0.5.

Results 735patients were studied. LVO prevalence was 33%. Area under the curve was 0.79 for SAVE, 0.82 for FAST-ED, 0.80 for mNIHSS and NIHSS, and lower for all other scales. SAVE=4, EMSA=6, mNIHSS≥10, NIHSS≥16, and RACE≥8 had positive likelihood ratios with 95% confidence intervals ≥5.0. SAVE≥2, CPSS≥2, C-STAT≥1, EMSA≥4, FAST-ED≥3, G-FAST≥3, mNIHSS≥6, NIHSS≥9, PASS≥1, RACE≥2, VAN=1, and 3I-SS≥1 had negative likelihood ratios with 95% confidence intervals ≤0.5.

Conclusions SAVE=4 performed similarly to more complex scales at predicting LVO. Other simplified scales did not have thresholds with positive likelihood ratios with 95% confidence intervals ≥5.0. Validation is need in a prehospital cohort of patients with suspected stroke.

  • stroke
  • thrombectomy
  • artery

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Footnotes

  • Contributors KJK contributed to the literature search, study design, data analysis, data interpretation, table and figure design, and manuscript writing. WSS contributed to the original data collection, study design, data interpretation, table and figure design, and manuscript writing.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Ethics approval University of California, San Francisco Institutional Review Board.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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