Background Admission neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is significantly correlated to clinical outcomes in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We investigated follow-up NLR and temporal changes in NLR after endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) with respect to successful revascularization, clinical outcomes, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and mortality.
Methods Retrospective analysis of EVT for anterior circulation emergent LVO was performed with both admission (NLR1) and 3–7 day follow-up NLR (NLR2) laboratory data. Patient demographics, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) presentations, reperfusion efficacy (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) score), sICH, and clinical outcomes (modified Rankin Scale (mRS)) at 90 days were studied. Univariate analyses correlated NLR1, NLR2, and temporal change in NLR (NLR2-NLR1) with successful reperfusion (mTICI ≥2b), favorable outcomes (mRS ≤2), sICH, and mortality. Multivariable logistic regression model evaluated the independent effects of NLR2 on favorable outcomes.
Results 142 AIS patients with median NIHSS 17 underwent EVT within 24 hours, and met NLR laboratory inclusion criteria. Lower follow-up NLR2 and less temporal change in NLR over 3–7 days, but not admission NLR1, inversely correlated with successful reperfusion (p<0.05) and favorable clinical outcomes (p<0.001). Higher follow-up NLR2 and greater temporal change in NLR was significantly associated with sICH and mortality (p≤0.05). In multivariable logistic regression, lower follow-up NLR2 remained a predictor of favorable outcomes (OR 0.785, p=0.001), independent of age or successful reperfusion.
Conclusions Follow-up NLR is a readily available and modifiable biomarker that correlates with the degree of reperfusion after mechanical stroke thrombectomy. Lower follow-up NLR2 at 3–7 days is associated with successful reperfusion and an independent predictor of favorable clinical outcomes, with reduced risk for sICH and mortality.
- inflammatory response
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