Background It has been reported that longer time intervals from stroke onset to endovascular therapy are associated with lower rates of successful reperfusion in acute ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion. However, procedural variables and potential mechanisms of this association have not been fully elucidated.
Methods We performed a secondary analysis of individual patient data from the North American Solitaire Stent Retriever Acute Stroke (NASA) and Trevo Stent-Retriever Acute Stroke (TRACK) registries. We included patients with occlusion of the internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery (M1 and M2 segments) who were treated by mechanical thrombectomy within 24 hours of last known normal. The primary outcome was reperfusion, defined as a Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction (TICI) score ≥2b. The secondary outcome was reperfusion on the first pass. The primary predictor was duration of symptomatic stroke, defined as time from last known normal to time of final pass. Adjusted logistic regression models were utilized to determine associations between variables and outcome.
Results We included 506 patients, of which 401 (79.3%) achieved successful reperfusion (TICI 2b/3). The mean (SD) duration of symptomatic stroke was 6.8 (3.5) hours and in the adjusted logistic regression model the duration of symptomatic stroke was associated with reperfusion (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84 to 0.96) and reperfusion on the first pass (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.83 to 0.95). In that model, the predicted probability of reperfusion was 88% (95% CI 0.83 to 0.92) at 1 hour, 81% (95% CI 0.78 to 0.84) at 6 hours, 70% (95% CI 0.63 to 0.77) at 12 hours, and 42% (95% CI 0.17 to 0.67) at 24 hours (ptrend=0.001). Reperfused patients were significantly younger, more likely to be male, and to have had a balloon guide catheter used during the procedure.
Conclusion In a real-world cohort of acute ischemic stroke patients with anterior circulation occlusion treated with endovascular therapy, longer duration of symptomatic stroke is associated with lower rates of successful reperfusion and reperfusion on the first pass.
- acute ischemic stroke
- large vessel occlusion
- endovascular thrombectomy
- neurologic outcome
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Twitter @italolinfante, @NguyenThanhMD
Contributors AD, MDA, MAJ and OOZ conceived of the methodology and authored the manuscript. Remaining authors participated in patient care and data collection. All authors edited the manuscript and reviewed the final version.
Funding This work was supported by NIH-NINDS grant number K23NS105924. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
Competing interests AD reports investigator initiated funding from AMAG and Regeneron pharmaceuticals. RGN reports consulting fees for advisory roles with Anaconda, Biogen, Cerenovus, Genentech, Imperative Care, Medtronic, Phenox, Prolong Pharmaceuticals, Stryker Neurovascular and stock options for advisory roles with Astrocyte, Brainomix, Cerebrotech, Ceretrieve, Corindus Vascular Robotics, Vesalio, Viz-AI, and Perfuze. TN is Principal Investigator of the CLEAR study funded by Medtronic; serves on the Data Safety Monitoring Board for TESLA (Thrombectomy for Emergent Salvage of Large Anterior Circulation Ischemic Stroke), ENDOLOW (Endovascular Therapy for Low NIHSS Ischemic Strokes), and SELECT 2 (A Randomized Controlled Trial to Optimize Patient’s Selection for Endovascular Treatment in Acute Ischemic Stroke) trials.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request.
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