Background Despite successful recanalization after endovascular treatment, many patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion still show functional dependence, namely futile recanalization.
Methods PubMed and Embase were searched up to April 30, 2021. Studies that reported risk factors for futile recanalization following endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke were included. The mean difference (MD) or odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of each study were pooled for a meta-analysis.
Results Twelve studies enrolling 2138 patients were included. The pooled analysis showed that age (MD 5.81, 95% CI 4.16 to 7.46), female sex (OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.16 to 1.68), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score (MD 4.22, 95% CI 3.38 to 5.07), Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) (MD −0.71, 95% CI −1.23 to –0.19), hypertension (OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.43 to 2.09), diabetes (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.41 to 2.24), atrial fibrillation (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.51), admission systolic blood pressure (MD 4.98, 95% CI 1.87 to 8.09), serum glucose (MD 0.59, 95% CI 0.37 to 0.81), internal carotid artery occlusion (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.17 to 2.95), pre-treatment intravenous thrombolysis (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.83), onset-to-puncture time (MD 16.92, 95% CI 6.52 to 27.31), puncture-to-recanalization time (MD 12.37, 95% CI 7.96 to 16.79), and post-treatment symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (OR 6.09, 95% CI 3.18 to 11.68) were significantly associated with futile recanalization.
Conclusion This study identified female sex, comorbidities, admission systolic blood pressure, serum glucose, occlusion site, non-bridging therapy, and post-procedural complication as predictors of futile recanalization, and also confirmed previously reported factors. Further large-scale prospective studies are needed.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors Concept and design: D-ST; acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: GD, JX, HY, MC, KS, CQ; critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: D-ST; obtained funding: D-ST; supervision: D-ST. All authors approved the final version to be published and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work. D-ST is guarantor of the work.
Funding The study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants: 82071380, 81873743).
Disclaimer Neither of the funding agencies took part in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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