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Original research
Collateral status and recanalization after endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke

Abstract

Background Successful recanalization and good collateral status are associated with good clinical outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke, but the relationships among them are unclear.

Objective To assess if collateral status is associated with recanalization after EVT and if collateral status modifies the association between successful recanalization and functional outcome.

Methods We retrospectively analyzed data from the MR CLEAN Registry, a multicenter prospective cohort study of patients with a proximal anterior occlusion who underwent EVT in the Netherlands. We determined collateral status with a previously validated four-point visual grading scale and defined successful recanalization as an extended Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score ≥2B. Functional outcome was determined using the modified Rankin Scale score at 90 days. We assessed, with multivariable logistic regression models, the associations between (1) collateral status and successful recanalization, (2) successful recanalization and functional outcome, (3) collateral status and functional outcome. An interaction of collateral status and successful recanalization was assessed. Subgroup analyses were performed for patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis.

Results We included 2717 patients, of whom 1898 (70%) had successful recanalization. There was no relationship between collateral status and successful recanalization (adjusted common OR (95% CI) of grades 1, 2, and 3 vs 0: 1.19 (0.82 to 1.72), 1.20 (0.83 to 1.75), and 1.10 (0.74 to 1.63), respectively). Successful recanalization (acOR (95% CI): 2.15 (1.84 to 2.52)) and better collateral grades (acOR (95% CI) of grades 1, 2, and 3 vs 0: 2.12 (1.47 to 3.05), 3.46 (2.43 to 4.92), and 4.16 (2.89 to 5.99), respectively) were both associated with a shift towards better functional outcome, without an interaction between collateral status and successful recanalization. Results were similar for the subgroup of thrombolysed patients.

Conclusions Collateral status is not associated with the probability of successful recanalization after EVT and does not modify the association between successful recanalization and functional outcome.

  • Stroke
  • Thrombectomy
  • CT Angiography
  • Angiography

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request. Source data from patients cannot be distributed, but syntax and output files from statistical analyses can be made available upon reasonable request to the corresponding author.

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