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Correspondence on: ‘Artificial intelligence aneurysm measurement tool finds growth in all aneurysms that ruptured during conservative management’ by Sahlein et al
  1. Alejandro M Spiotta1,
  2. Brian T Jankowitz2,
  3. Jeremy J Heit3,
  4. Gerald Grant4,
  5. Carlos E Baccin5,
  6. Edgar A Samaniego6,
  7. Paul Singh7
  1. 1Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
  2. 2Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  3. 3Radiology, Neuroadiology and Neurointervention Division, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
  4. 4Department of Neurosurgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
  5. 5Department of Interventional Radiology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil
  6. 6Neurology, Radiology and Neurosurgery, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
  7. 7Department of Neuroendovascular Surgery, MedStar Franklin Square Medical Center, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Alejandro M Spiotta, Neurosurgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA; spiotta{at}musc.edu

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We read with great interest the recent publication by Sahlein et al,1 describing thought-provoking data on a small number of aneurysms undergoing routine imaging surveillance that went on to rupture. These aneurysms had been followed with non-invasive neurovascular imaging and were believed to have remained stable in size and morphology on review by an experienced multidisciplinary group at a high volume aneurysm center. The patient images were retrospectively analyzed by Rapid Aneurysm (RapidAI, Menlo Park, CA), a semi-automated segmentation software, rendering discernable and quantifiable volume increases that had escaped the human eye. These findings beg the clinically relevant question: Can routine artificial intelligence (AI) interpretation of aneurysm surveillance imaging better guide medical decision-making to prevent ruptures and their significant sequelae? Conversely, can AI also avoid false positive interpretations of aneurysm growth that lead to unnecessary anxiety or treatment?

While …

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  • Contributors All listed authors' contributions include the conception and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and final approval of the version published. Regarding responsibility for overall content, the lead author, AS, is the guarantor.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests All authors have disclosed their conflicts of interests to the editors at time of submission.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.

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