A middle-aged patient presented with right-sided chemosis, exophthalmos, and progressive visual loss. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a type D carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF). Transarterial embolization through the internal maxillary artery was unsuccessful, and there was no venous access to the CCF. A robotic-guided direct transtemporal embolization of the CCF with Onyx was performed, resulting in successful fistula obliteration and symptom resolution. This is the first reported case of a robotic-guided direct transcranial CCF embolization. We include a technical video that demonstrates this procedure (Supplemental File 1)
- Vascular Malformation
- Liquid Embolic Material
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