Background Studies reporting parent artery occlusion (PAO) after pipeline embolization device (PED) implantation are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence rate and risk factors of PAO after PED implantation.
Methods In this retrospective study, we enrolled consecutive patients with intracranial saccular and fusiform aneurysms treated with PED implantation at our institution. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was subsequently performed to determine the risk factors for PAO.
Results A total of 588 saccular and fusiform aneurysms were finally enrolled in the study. PAO was found in 14 (2.38%) aneurysms. The aneurysm complete occlusion rate was 79.6%. Compared with the non-PAO group, aneurysms in the PAO group were larger in size (20.08 vs 9.61 mm; p<0.001), had a greater neck diameter (9.92 vs 6.15 mm; p=0.001), and had higher frequencies of adjunctive coils (64.3% vs 35.7%; p=0.028). In the multivariate logistic analysis, aneurysm size (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.24; p=0.016) and the presence of poor wall apposition after balloon angioplasty (OR 7.74, 95% CI 1.28 to 46.82; p=0.026) were associated with PAO occurrence after adjusting for confounding factors.
Conclusions In this study, the incidence rate of PAO following PED implantation was 2.38% in intracranial saccular and fusiform aneurysms. Aneurysm size and residual presence of poor wall apposition after balloon angioplasty were risk factors for PAO. Further research is required to better understand the mechanisms of PAO.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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